17th International Exhibition for Cables, Wires, Fastening Hardware and Installation Technologies
20 - 22 March 2018 • Russia, Moscow, ECC Sokolniki, pavilion 4


March 13, 2012 in "Sokolniki (Hall 4, Conference Room 1A) was held EIGHTH INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE" Chemical products and materials for the cable industry: problems searches, finds. The development of production and consumption."

The conference was held during the exhibition "Cabex - 2012" as a dialogue between chemists and cable operators on:

A. The market of polymers and chemicals for the cable industry and its trends in Russia and the world. The requirements of the vintage, security, import substitution. Products and offers domestic and foreign companies.

Two. Modern advances, the production of PVC and offers science. Global trends in production and development of various modifications of polyethylene in Russia and CIS.

Three. Trends in production, the use of rubber, fluoropolymers, silicones, elastomers and other products that define innovative software industry.

4. Quality, environment, fire safety, production and use of flame retardants and other additives.

Organized a conference journal "Chemistry and Business" and the club of producers and consumers of chemical products "Dialogue" with the support of the Russian Union of Chemists, Industry and Trade of RF, IR, "the Association" power cable ", OAO" Halopolymer ", Moscow and OAO" Plastpolymer "St. Petersburg.

Conference was opened by the chief editor of the magazine "Chemistry and business" A.I.Perkhov. The discussion began with a presentation by Prof. N.N.Loginovoy, Head of the Department of fluoropolymers "Plastpolymer," Snt-Petersburg - "Traditional fluoropolymers for the cable industry." The report aroused keen interest of participants, because of "Plastpolymer" - the main developer of the majority of Russian fluoropolymers. Plastpolymer and now collaborates with the leading cable factories in Russia: Chuvashkabel, Kamkabel, Podolsky, KO, and SDB, Mozyrkabel, Sredazkabel and others. The report highlighted fluoropolymer insulating materials for cables that meet high fire safety requirements, and high dielectric strength. Nina regretted that the line of popular cable industry declined and the Russian fluoropolymers cablemen compelled to fill them at the expense of imports. "Need a new generation of cable fluoropolymer, heat-resistant materials with high technological processing and long-term operability in harsh conditions required for the production of modern aircraft, space, military equipment. Russian production of AF, which are the basis for two works that were created in the USSR in the 60's and 70's of last century, in need of diversification, to update the technology and hardware design. These complex works in the public interest should be conducted with the active organizational and financial support from government agencies, involving all stakeholders. " The report partly published in the magazine "Chemistry and business" № 1-2 (2012).

Head of the Department of Plastic "SDB" G.A.Ryvkin in the report "Fluoropolymers in the cable industry," dwelt on the problems of cable operators and above all on the heat resistance of the insulation. The report was interesting chemical producers, as Gennady spoke about the intricacies of production technology cables with modern polymers, noted the advantages and disadvantages of various materials and the problems arising from the producers of cable products insulated with Teflon, and SCR 40. There were also revelations of the history of heat-resistant wires, which enlivened the audience, for example, the history of manufacturing products first cable insulated with Teflon-40. Like the previous speaker, he noted that the domestic industry for the production of fluoropolymers is focused mainly on exports. If there is sufficient capacity in Russia for the production of fluoropolymers for the local cable operators do not have enough, and you have to buy them abroad. And here are three reasons: the high price, processability complex (the branded ignores the subtleties of the cable technology), gel-like inclusions in the products. The speaker touched upon the interesting subject of "halogen-free cable." The requirement to use as a cable insulation polymers that do not contain halogens, are not always technically justified by the highest stability of fluoropolymers to external influences, and is often the result of a misunderstanding .. Speaking about the reliability fluoropolymer insulation, Gennady very accurately observed: "The house will collapse from old age, and laid the cable in it will be workable." Perfluorinated polymers have the highest among all the polymer oxygen index (CI = 95-98, in contrast to non-fluorinated polymers, the CI does not exceed 50, and the temperature of the onset of thermal degradation of more than 4000S). Lift is designed for the problem of "buyer vtalkivanie" cheap fire cables. Everything is designed for those who does not think about the real consequences of the fires caused by "short circuit", bringing damage to thousands of times greater than the cost of cable.
The debate continued, Deputy Director VNIIKP Yu.T.Larin. Yuri T. focused on the requirements for the production of advanced optical communication cables. Drew attention to the power components in polymer composites, called for the revival of domestic production of aramid fibers, noting with regret, "Kamenets-Shakhtinsky lives through the production of body armor and manufactures products for cable operators..." Issues of import substitution remain on a range of chemical products: polietilentetraftalat, hydrophobic aggregates, and others. Production of optical fibers "died", a 100% buy abroad? In Saransk is trying to revive production, but needs "chloride" about 600 tons per year. All these problems require solutions at the state level as well as address issues of economic security.

At the conference, development director of JSC "Halopolymer" Dr. AL Villemson presented a report on "Current status of the production of fluoropolymers in Russia and abroad" and answered some questions the previous speakers. According to Alexander Leonidovich "like other structural polymers, fluoropolymers are materials with a high price, but they have outstanding performance parameters and are used in various industries. At the same electronics and electric power consumption of more than 25% of all produced in the world of fluoropolymers. And the main driver here is just the cable industry. The average market growth of fluoropolymers is about 4 - 5% per year, with the largest growth market fluoropolymers shows in China, where from 2004 to 2008 it increased by 46%, and for the past 2 years has almost doubled. Recently, more and more emphasis on the transition from traditional brands of PTFE (Teflon-4, 4PN, 4D, and other infusible fluoropolymers) to fuse PTFE, fluoropolymer, and a special fluorine. The growth of this segment of fluoropolymers is in most cases more than 7% a year. " The basis of the company's product portfolio, "Halopolymer" of Teflon-4. The company is moving towards increased production of fluoropolymers and fluoroelastomers fuse. So in 2011 holding "Halopolymer" together with the German concern Lanxess has successfully implemented a project aimed at increasing production capacity fluoroelastomers. Currently, power companies can take more than 4% of the world market fluoroelastomers. To date, the highest consumption in the cable industry, and throughout the industry as a whole, demonstrate the fuse fluoropolymers such brands as PVDF (fluoroplastic-2 analog), FEP (Teflon analog-4MB) and PFA (Teflon analogue of-50) . The company "Halopolymer" intends shortly to invest in expanding production of FEP and PFA, which are currently the most popular in the cable industry and are used for insulation of wires in the petrochemical and oil rigs, to computer technology, aviation and space technology. In his report, Alexander Leonidovich also spoke about the significant rise in price of raw materials for production of hydrogen fluoride - fluorspar, the deficit in the country hlormetanov, including the main raw material for the production of fluoropolymers - chloroform, and the fact that in Russia were closed production capacity of perchlorethylene. JSC "Halopolymer" forced to buy chloroform, and perchlorethylene in Erope and the United States, which as a consequence, of course, leads to a substantial rise in price of basic raw materials. At the present time "Halopolymer" forced to invest and engage in large-scale reconstruction of its own production of chloroform. Thus, in the current 2012 plan to introduce the first phase of chloroform, methane total capacity of 45 tons per year. Investment in this project will be about 1.5 billion rubles.

In all previous reports reflected the absence of any explicit government policy in the chemistry of plastics to provide economic security. An interesting presentation was made A.M.Bulygin "DuPont Fluoropolymer solutions for the cable industry." Alexis-Head "Fluoropolymer Solutions", OOO "DuPont. Science and Technology. " He noted the benefits of Teflon materials for the cable industry. Chemical inertness, corrosion resistance, dielectric properties unattainable, wide operating temperature range (- 200 ° C / + 260 ° C), low permeability to gases, weather resistance, the lack of aging, resistance to UV radiation, non-flammability, low coefficient of friction, no sticking . Highlighted the advantages of using fluoropolymer cable submersible pumps in the oil industry. They provide: increased resource tripping, lighter in weight compared to other solutions design (2.5-fold), resistance to gas decompression, facilitating implementation of tripping, reducing the size of the design allows you to place a greater length of cable on the drum . The report reflected a lot of interesting research and technology solutions company, which will be reflected in the journal "Chemistry and Business."

A detailed report "fluoroelastomers and new products for the cable industry NIISK" made V.A.Gubanov, St. Petersburg. Developed by FSUE "NIISK" are used in many Russian factories of synthetic rubbers and latexes: "Nizhnekamskneftekhim", LLC "Togliattikauchuk", JSC "Voronezhsintezkauchuk", JSC "Rubber", Sterlitamak, OAO "Omsk rubber", OJSC "IC Efremov Plant ", JSC" Krasnoyarsk Synthetic Rubber Plant ", JSC" Kazan factory SC ", JSC" Sterlitamak Petrochemical Plant ", OJSC" IC Premier ", Yaroslavl," Halopolymer Kirovo-Chepetsk. " He elaborated on the development of synthesis technology perftorvinilovogo ether - the basis for a new class of ftormonomerov frost-heat-resistant fluoroelastomers. The report gives the comparative characteristics of rubber, compositions, and fluoroelastomers. The speaker emphasized the significant upgrade of the Institute instrumentation in recent years, which allowed to transfer research and technology development at the global level. We look forward to the publication of material in the journal "Chemistry and Business."

The conference participants were interested in scheduled report Ph.D. E.I.Alekseevoy "Silicone materials for fiber-optic", FSUE "GNIIChTEOS." Unfortunately, Elena Ilyinichna for some reason did not participate in the conference. The editors of the journal "Chemistry and the business' plans to bring to the readers of its report in the next issue of the journal.

Important report made general director of "Nick PVC" V.G.Nikolaev "Fire safety and the need to change the range of cable flexible." Victor G. gave comparative characteristics of PVC cable used for their fire safety, said that the category of non-fuel is only 20% of Russian PVC. In the laboratory of flexible PVC "VNIIKP" initiative in 2002, work began on creating flexible PVC CI 28-30% for the general purpose cables matching the category "C" in accordance with IEC 332-3. On the basis of these studies, together with JSC "Vladimir Chemical Plant" was held in 2006, the search operation with positive results. Unfortunately, efforts to improve fire safety of general-purpose flexible PVC and cable products based on them have not received further development. Brand to market PVC-type PP-HM Victor G. recommends "Marcano" (make the people), and cable products for the brand - «Markana».

The well-known company "3M Russia," suggested the report "Innovative methods of processing of polyolefin polymers with additives PPA Dynamar". A presentation was made by specialist of "Materials for Energy and Industry of Polymers" A.S.Shevchenko, Alexey demonstrated multifaceted development of the company and their practical application of waterproof sandpaper to 3D scanning technology. Of particular interest were polymer processing aid Dynamar ™, which are used to improve the extrusion processing of polyolefins, PA, PS, PVC, etc. Processing additives are capable of existing equipment and to facilitate the processing of a substantial improvement in product quality.
In the manufacture of cable additions provide increased productivity, reduced pressure, improved surface quality, the prevention of fouling material on the head extruder, a quick change of colors generated by the shell. For more information you read in an article published in the next issue of the journal "Chemistry and Business."

The report, "Specifics of modern cable" made by the Deputy General Director of JSC "Chuvashkabel" A.Z.Zyman. Alexander Zoltonovich jokingly remarked that "forgot about induction and deduction, are engaged in production." Indeed, the cable industry are having problems related to the fact that local chemists did not provide enough raw materials (fluoropolymers FEP, etc.). The plant is due to lack of tape SCR and a list of such problems can be continued N.V.Gaevoy, specialist Russian company "Mining and Chemical Company" focused on various supplements for the cable industry, in particular flame retardants. Nikolai V. elaborated on the company produced ekopirene - magnesium hydroxide, an interesting fact that absorbs chlorine and reduces the porosity of PVC increases the fire resistance of PVC cable.

The final stage of the conference was "Round Table" - the exchange of views on the production of polymers and the composition of Russian and other products, the problems of the market for domestic consumption and foreign supplies. The panellists were:
From JSC Caustic (Volgograd) - Head of Marketing Kamuz Leonid Yakovlevich and Director of Scientific-Production Center of Helena Petrovna Gordon, from the Cable Company factory "Kavkazcable" - Director General Vladimir Kuznetsov, from the Management Company "Rybinskkabel" Technical Director Renat Zinnatullina Railevich from LLC "Kirscable" - CEO Alexei Ivanovich Kozunin and engineer Belosludtseva Olga, from OOO "SI Interline" Dmitriy Moroz.


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